Rock gardens and indoor gardens are filled with delicate, succulent leaves from sedums (Sedum spp.), which are low-growing and hardy. There are numerous sedum types, or stonecrop, that thrive in practically any climate. Try Sedum “Autumn Joy” in USDA plant hardiness zones 8 through 10. “Ruby Glow,” “Caticola,” or “Variegatum” of the Sedum kamtschaticum genus are suitable for USDA zones 8 through 9.
Rock gardens and rock walls alike are gradually covered with the spreading foliage of sedums once they have been planted. Seeds are dispersed, and mature plants produce new clones at the base of their stems. Seed, leaf cuttings, and stem cuttings are the three best methods for propagating sedums. Seed-grown sedums flower in their third year, but cutting-propagated sedums flower in their first or second year.
Propagation by Tip Cutting
Taking a snip off the tip of a sedum plant and sticking it in the soil is an easy technique to propagate the plant. Remove the bottom leaves from a 6-inch tip cutting of a healthy sedum. Stick the lower half of the sedum tips into the soil in a nursery tray filled with moist sand. If the cutting was successful, you’ll know after two to three weeks by giving the area a mild tug. It’s a sign of a healthy root system if the tip cutting feels tight in the soil.
It is also possible to propagate sedums by cutting stems. Snip a few fresh stems from each plant as you dig around the old one. Stem cuttings can be replanted in the garden or in a seed tray filled with damp sand. In the spring, when the plants are putting out new growth, take stem cuttings.
Seed propagation is a labor of love because of the time it takes for seeds to germinate when reproducing sedums from tip and stem cuttings. As a result, certain hybrid types do not grow true to seed when propagated this way. One cutting is an exact copy of the parent plant; however, seeds include the genetic material of two different plants, resulting in a variety of unexpected results. Place sedum seeds in moist sand and gently press them down to germinate. Seeds should be kept between 85 and 95 degrees Fahrenheit at all times.
How to Plant Sedum Cuttings
A succulent planter would be incomplete without one or more types of sedums. Sedums have a number of advantages that make them a great addition to any garden. They are extremely tolerant to the cold. They can withstand periods of prolonged dryness. Pests are rarely a problem for them. They’re a lovely addition to the landscape. Trailing plants can be used to decorate containers by hanging from the sides. There are a wide range of options available. Taking care of them is a breeze.
Cuttings can be used to propagate your sedum plant so that you can utilize it in other planters or throughout the yard.
- Slice off 2 to 5 inches of sedum.
- The cutting should be planted in a soil that drains well.
- Do not dry out the newly planted cuttings (water it like you would water petunias or another annual)
- After a few weeks, the roots of the plant will begin to take hold and begin to grow.
People frequently inquire about the depth at which sedum cuttings should be planted when visiting Young’s. Here’s a comparison of shallow vs. deep-planted cuttings.
Sedum cuttings that were about 5 inches long were taken.
All of them were housed in the same, cramped pot. A single seed was planted one inch deep and a second seed was put three inches deep.
Is the root system of the cutting that was planted deeper going to be stronger? We took the cuttings from the soil exactly three weeks after planting to see how their root systems were developing.
The root system of the cutting that was placed in the shallows was strong and healthy. It appeared to have grown a lot more quickly than it had in just three weeks.
Even though it possessed roots that ran the entire length of its stem, this cutting’s root system was weaker than the other cutting’s.
Sedum cuttings can be planted at any depth, and it doesn’t make a difference. They are easily rooted, regardless of the depth at which they are sown. There are a several ways to grow them. The roots of sedums don’t get very deep as they mature. In order to get the least amount of moisture from the soil, succulents like aeonium develop shallow roots.
Sedum plants spread their roots from the middle of their stems as they grow. In addition to serving as an anchor, the plant’s roots also aid in the uptake of water and nutrients as it spreads. Sedums are eye-catching groundcovers that look great in any yard or container garden.
Learning how to propagate sedum
There are a number of techniques to propagate sedum for use in various regions of the garden, and I’ll go over each one here. Clumping or creeping sedums are common garden weeds. My sedums, such as ‘Autumn Joy,’ are taller and fit into the first category. Sedums (called creeping) that spread outward or tumble over rocks out of small gaps are also grown in my garden. Rock gardens, the aforementioned sedum “carpet” arrangement, and rooftops are all common places to find them. A wide variety of seeds, cuttings, and cuttings can be used to start new plants.
Sedum can be propagated in water and then transferred to a container filled with potting soil by my mother on a daily basis. To guarantee that the plants have time to establish themselves and withstand the winter, she will plant them in the fall.
How to make new sedum plants by division
Plants that form clumps of sedum eventually spread to new areas. If the plant has a dead region in the middle, it’s time to split it up. When the plant begins to grow in the spring, gently dig all the way around the crown. Using a dirt knife, make 12 inch (30 centimeter) chunks out of the plant. Newly planted pieces should be replanted in their current location, and the old ones should be moved to an area of the garden that is well-drained and receives full to partial sunlight.
How to propagate sedum from stem cuttings in water
You’ll need around six inches (15 centimeters) of stem from a healthy sedum plant, and a clean pair of scissors to make the cut. Remove any remaining leaves that may be submerged in the water with care. Your stem should be submerged in a jar of room-temperature water or rainfall, such that the leaf node is completely submerged (but not any leaves). Place your jar in a well-lit position, such as a window sill or a protected patio table, to ensure the best results. To keep your stem from rotting and the water from becoming stagnant, be sure to change the water every few days.
Just remove the lowest leaves of the host plant before you cut the stem, and you’re ready to start a new sedum plant. After that, all you have to do is wait for it to take root! Make sure to change the water on a regular basis.
It’s time to plant your new sedum as soon as you see roots forming. You may either put your sedum in the garden right away, or you can pot it up and bring it inside for the winter so you can replant it outside in the spring. Your sedum will have time to establish itself in the garden before the winter if you start propagating it earlier.
How to propagate sedum in soil
In my front yard garden, I found a sad-looking maroon sprig and planted it in one of my raised beds. As soon as it had established roots and had spent the winter outside, I replanted it in my front yard garden, where it has thrived ever since.
Potting soil with around 10 percent perlite can be used to display your sedum or keep it from going to seed until it’s ready to be planted outside. For those who want to make their own potting soil, here are some tips:
How to propagate sedum by layering
If you pay attention to the stems of creeping sedum plants, you’ll discover that they often already have roots sprouting along them! What you can do is remove them from the garden with care.
For rock gardens and sedum “carpets,” creeping sedum species are ideal. They can also be easily multiplied.
When replanting the sedum, take careful to also cover the extra rooted stems with a tiny amount of earth. Using this method, you can develop a new plant that is actually a clone of the original one. During the late spring and early summer, the optimal time to layer is
Other plants you can propagate
- When to prune a healthy Christmas cactus and how to use the cuttings to grow more.
- fern spore and mother plant propagation
- How to grow lithops in a culture
- Cuttings of basil can be grown in the garden
- Pilea peperomioides: Partitioning the Plant