Oleander can develop a very huge and dense plant over time, however it can be expensive to maintain a long oleander hedge. Or perhaps a friend of yours has a stunning oleander plant that you’ve been unable to locate anywhere else. Or both. If you’ve ever wondered, “Can I grow oleander from cuttings?” you’ll want to keep reading to learn how to do it yourself.
Oleander Plant Cuttings
It’s critical to understand that oleander is poisonous before attempting any work with it. When handling oleander, always wear rubber gloves, long sleeves, and safety goggles. Children and dogs should not have access to any oleander plant cuttings you have taken. Planters in zones 8-11 happily tolerate the oleander’s toxicity because it is such a beloved and common houseplant. For rapid propagation, cuttings are the ideal method. Oleander cuttings can be propagated in one of two ways.
- Any time during the growing season, you can take oleander plant cuttings from the new tip growth, or “greenwood.”
- Oleander cuttings from the current season’s growth can also be taken in the fall, when the branches are just beginning to become woody.
Rooting Oleander Cuttings
Take 6-8 inch (15-20.5 cm) long cuttings from the oleander while wearing safety gear. It’s important to only remove a leaf node’s worth of tissue. Your oleander cutting should only be left with its tip growth after you remove all of its lower leaves. A mixture of water and rooting stimulant can be used to keep these oleander cuttings from rooting until they are ready to be planted. Plant oleander cuttings in compost or other rich organic potting soil. To encourage root growth, I prefer to make a few nicks around the lowest portion of the incision.
Plant your oleander cuttings in a pot of potting mix after dipping them in a rooting hormone powder. Put a seedling heat mat under the pot and cutting to speed up the process of oleander rooting. Placing a clear plastic bag on top of the pot provides a humid “greenhouse,” as well. Oleanders need moisture and humidity to grow roots, and this will provide it. Spring-planted greenwood oleander cuttings are usually ready for outdoor planting by the fall. Planting semi-woody oleander cuttings collected in the fall will be available in the spring.
Preparing oleander cuttings
Creating oleander cuttings is straightforward and inexpensive, so you can grow your oleander in a cost-effective way.
What is the best season to collect a stem for cuttings?
In August, oleander cuttings are traditionally prepared. You’ll have the best chance of success at this time because the shrub has just concluded its spring growth period. In the fall, the cuttings can be put in the ground after they have grown sufficiently. It is also feasible to start cutting in June, and even into September if the conditions are right.
Oleander cutting preparation technique
Take a piece of wood. There are several stems on your shrub that might be referred to as sprigs. Cuttings can’t be made from all sprigs. Stumps that haven’t yet bloomed are the greatest, because their wood hasn’t yet solidified. Between 6 and 8 inches (20 cm) in length, they are ideal.
Removal of everything except the bottom two sets of leaves There must be no leaves connected to any part of the piece that will be submerged or placed in the ground. In order to remove all of the lower leaves, you can use a hand pruner or a sharp knife. You should always heat or rub alcohol on your instruments before using it. Right now, you can see three uppermost leaves preparing to open. Stems can be divided into sections at their base. Roots will appear faster if the base is slightly opened.
Just a few millimeters (maybe 1/8th inch) of the stem should be sliced off. To avoid cross-contamination, use a sanitized blade knife or a razor-sharp knife for this task. When you take this simple step, your plant’s roots will grow more quickly since they have more surface area to ingest minerals and nutrients.
Place the clippings in a bowl of water and let them soak for a few minutes. For many days, you’ll maintain the cuttings in a glass of water to allow the roots to form. Organic matter is replenished via a weekly or bi-weekly change of water. To avoid this step, you can simply insert the cutting into a container of soil mix. This soaking phase, however, has been proven to boost success rates.
Soil and plant cuttings It is time to pot the sprig once it has produced a few roots. The root system is still quite fragile at this stage and should not be bruised or broken, so proceed with caution. You should use a special cutting soil mix when planting this cutting. Soak the cutting in powdered rooting agent if you intend to plant the cutting directly into the soil mix. This will aid in the regeneration process.
For a few weeks, make sure the soil mixture is moist. Maintaining a high moisture level is critical during the root development phase. However, you must take care not to submerge the cutting, since this could cause it to decay. Small amounts of water should be applied on a regular basis. Cuts should be kept dry and protected from freezing during the winter. During the summer, if your cutting was ready to be planted, and it has grown sufficiently by the fall, you can put it immediately in the ground in the fall in your location.
Keep your new plant in a pot under cover if it isn’t already protected from the elements. Make sure to repot the plant in the fall and keep it in a cold, but not freezing, location. Reduce the frequency of watering and water only when the soil is completely dry.
The following spring, sow the seeds directly into the ground. Once the last frosts have passed, you may either move your plant outside in a large pot or directly into your garden. Garden soil and planting soil mix, or flower plant soil mix, should be prepared once again since nutrients are needed at the beginning of the plant’s life cycle to help it flourish. Oleander is sensitive to excessive moisture, so water it carefully to avoid flooding the roots. Also see:
- Preparing cuttings from plants
- Cuttings from hydrangea bushes
- Cuttings from a rose tree
- Cuttings of geraniums
To Transplant Oleander Cuttings
According to the Clemson Cooperative Extension, oleanders can grow up to 2 feet a year, so cuttings can be used right now. When the oleander cuttings show indications of growth, carefully transplant them into a 1-gallon nursery container filled with moist potting soil. For the next year, keep it in a sunny location and water it daily. Over the course of a week or more, gradually expose the oleander cutting to direct sunshine to harden it to normal garden conditions.
Oleanders thrive in full sun and in healthy, well-drained soil, which is ideal for their development. Soil warming allows for spring transplants, but mild winters allow for fall plantings. If you live in an area that gets a lot of rain, you should avoid planting oleanders in areas that are particularly susceptible to waterlogged soil. Don’t plant oleanders in situations where they could come into contact with children, animals, or other household items.
Things You Will Need
- Hand protection is provided by rubber gloves.
- Face mask
- Bag of trash
- Shears for pruning
- Using alcohol as an anesthetic.
- Hormones that stimulate the growth of roots
- Nursery pots made of plastic
- mister of plants
- a one-gallon pot for a baby
- A potting mix.
Your cuttings of oleander should be placed in a plastic bag and placed on top of the pot in order to keep them fresh.