A common misconception is that pansies have “faces.” A perennial favorite in both spring and fall gardening, pansies are a fantastic choice! Pansies are easy to grow and blossom as long as you know how to plant them.
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A vast variety of vibrant hues and patterns are available in pansies, which have petals fashioned like hearts and overlapped in an overlapping pattern.
They can be used in containers, borders, and as ground cover, and they are a reliable source of color in some areas. There are a wide variety of ways to include pansies into your garden, whether it’s in a monochromatic or mixed-color scheme or with other cool-season flowers such as the viola or primrose.
Are Pansies Annual or Perennial Flowers?
Your climate may determine whether the pansy is an annual or a perennial. Even though this plant favors cool temperatures and looks leggy in the summer, most gardeners consider it an annual. To yet, no heat-tolerant pansies have been developed that can withstand extreme heat.
However, pansies are surprisingly tough in the cold. They can withstand even the harshest of winters, springing back from temperatures as low as minus ten degrees. A fantastic flowering plant for fall and early winter color, if the blossoms die off in the cold, these plants are typically able to rebloom.
When to Plant Pansies
- Depending on where you live, you can plant pansies any time of year.
- It’s far easier to acquire established plants from a local nursery than it is to start pansies from seed. In addition, you’ll see results far more quickly.
- Start pansy seeds in late winter, around 8 to 10 weeks before the last spring frost, for spring and summer blooming, if you want. For fall and winter blossoming, you can start seeds in the late summer. Pansy seeds can take a long time to germinate (between one and three weeks, depending on soil temperature).
- Plant pansies as soon as the ground can be worked in the spring. It’s optimal for them to grow in soil temperatures between 45 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit (7 and 18 degrees Celsius).
- Pansies may withstand a short frost right after planting, but wait until temperatures are consistently below freezing before placing them in the ground.
Where to Plant Pansies
- Plant in a well-drained, wet, humus-rich soil. We recommend reading our articles on soil amendments and soil preparation before planting.
- Pansies prefer dappled or full sun, but need temperatures below 60 degrees Fahrenheit to grow. The best place to plant will be shaded from the afternoon sun but receive morning sun.
- Allow for a distance of 7 to 12 inches between each plant. They will grow to a height of 6 to 9 inches and a spread of 9 to 12 inches.
Pansies in Pots
- Containers full of pansies are a terrific way to add color and texture. Just use potting soil that is specifically made for pots and pans.
- Plant in small containers that can be moved to a shaded spot when the heat gets hotter (12 inches or less in diameter). A south-facing patio can be ideal in the early spring or late fall. Move pansies to the east side of your house in the summer to take advantage of the morning sun and the afternoon shade.
How to Care for Pansies
- Water pansies on a regular basis. If your pansies aren’t doing well, try watering them a little extra. This is one of the most prevalent causes of pansy failure.
- In order to help your pansies grow, you can use a broad, all-purpose fertilizer. A nitrogen-heavy fertilizer, on the other hand, may result in more foliage than blossoms, so exercise caution.
- Encourage the plants to produce new flowers by removing fading or dead ones. This will help to extend the blooming season.
- Mosaic viruses
- Downy mildew
- Powdery mildew
- Root and crown rots
- Gray mold
- Spot anthracnose
- Slugs, snails, and aphids
SUGGESTIONS FOR CHOICE:
- In spring and summer, ‘Jolly Joker’, which has orange flowers with deep purple upper petals and a purple outline, is in bloom.
- There are a range of hues to choose from in the Princess Series.
- Flowering throughout the winter and spring, the Fama Series has a wide range of single and mixed-colored flowers.
Pansies come in a wide variety of colors and patterns.
INTELLIGENCE AND INTELLIGENCE
- The pansy is a flower that represents the concept of “thinking” or “contemplation.” Even the name “pansy,” which means “thinking,” is derived from the French. See what other flowers signify by visiting this page.
NOTES FOR THE COOK
- Pansies are one of a number of edible flowers in the garden! A faint minty flavor makes them a nice garnish for a salad or dessert, and they’re easy to find.
How to grow pansies
Planting pansies in pots, window boxes, hanging baskets, and borders is a time-honored garden tradition. Preparing the soil with well-rotted organic matter before planting is the greatest way to ensure that they thrive in full sun or partial shade.
Growing pansies: jump links
- Pansies in the ground
- How to take care of pansies
- Planting pansies in the garden
- Pests and problem-solving in the pansy garden
- The best pansies to plant in your garden
Where to grow pansies
Pansies in a container with berberis, heuchera, and nandina – how to cultivate them
Pansies can be used as a stand-alone border plant or in a mixture with other bedding plants. They can also be used to cover up bare spots. Tulips, which shoot up through and between the blossoming pansies, are an ideal companion for them in the spring.
How to plant pansies
Planting pansies in a pot is an easy way to get started with this flower.
Spacing is dependent on the time of year and the size of the variety. This time of year is great for planting pansies since they will have time to grow before the cold weather sets in. For bush varieties, place them 15 cm apart, and for trailing varieties, 20-25 cm apart. Spring-planted pansies should be spaced in the same way.
Since they won’t grow as much before temperatures drop, pansies planted in mid-late autumn should be planted closer together (about 10 cm apart for bush pansies and 15 cm for trailing kinds).
In order to grow pansies in a container, you should use a high-quality multi-purpose potting compost. To enrich the soil in the borders, first add some well-rotted garden compost or a planting compost.
How to care for pansies
When it comes to cultivating pansies, deadheading is an essential step.
You may encourage your plant to keep generating new blooms by removing fading and dead flowers on a regular basis Cut off the dead heads with a pair of garden snips or secateurs, or pinch them off with your fingers and thumbs.
How to propagate pansies
Growing pansies – watering pansy plants as they grow
Growing pansies: problem solving
Fungal diseases can cause spots and blotches on the leaves of pansy flowers. Spots on the leaves are the most common occurrence, however stems or the core of the plant can also become infected. To avoid spreading disease to your garden, make sure you get healthy plants from a reliable source and carefully examine them for any signs of disease. If you discover stains on the leaves of your pansies, remove them and throw them away. Pansies should not be grown in the same place the following year because fungal spores can survive in the soil.
Pansy varieties to grow
‘Adonis’ a blue and white pansy
Pansy ‘Freefall Lavender’
Flowers of ‘Freefall Lavender’ pansy are lavender in color
Pansy ‘Cat’s Whiskers’
Pansy ‘Cat’s Whiskers’ has magenta and cream blossoms.
Pansy ‘Ultima Morpho’
Pansy ‘Ultima Morpho’ has purple and yellow flowers.
Pansy ‘Universal Series’
‘Universal Series’ pansy, purple and white.
Pansy ‘Tiger Eyes’
‘Tiger’s Eye’ pansy ‘Tiger’s Eye’ features black-striped yellow blossoms.
‘Tiger Eyes’ is known for its bright gold flowers, which are individually characterized by a thin black stripe. It’s a stunning combination of green leaves and bright pink blossoms. In contrast to other plants, these are dense and compact, making them easy to grow from seed. ‘Tiger Eyes’ is a hardy cultivar that can be used for both summer and winter bedding.
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