Bromeliads, a family of more than 3,000 plants, add color and a pleasant atmosphere to a home. These tropical indoor plants, which originate from South America, Central America, and Africa, are easy to care for and cost-effective. According to Homestead Gardens, the most common bromeliad variety, the flowering guzmania (Guzmania spp.), lasts for two to three years. Give your bromeliad the attention it need to get the most out of those years.
Potting and Soil
Small pots are ideal for bromeliads because they don’t have large root systems. No need to repot until the plant’s roots completely fill the container. ‘ Root rot is more common in plastic-potted plants because the pots absorb more water. Light, well-draining soil is ideal for terrestrial bromeliads, which are plants that grow on the ground. The University of Florida IFAS Extension advises using an aeration and drainage-enhancing potting mix such as peat, gritty sand, or bark nuggets.
Use Water Sparingly
Bromeliads are drought-tolerant tropical blooming plants. It’s time to water your plants when the potting soil feels dry. The root system should be soaked, but not completely submerged. You’ve watered too much if the water pooled on top of the container. It’s possible that this will create root rot, which will be fatal to the plant. Drink more water if the weather is unusually dry or hot. It’s best to mist air bromeliads once a week, or more frequently if it’s hotter and drier than normal.
Fertilizer and Pesticide
A limited life expectancy means that fertilizing bromeliads is unnecessary, as you don’t want to speed up the process of their demise. Fertilizing should only be done at one-fourth or one-half of the recommended strength, as stated in the manufacturer’s instructions. Insecticides aren’t necessary with bromeliads because they’re almost pest-proof. A damp towel soaked in rubbing alcohol or dishwashing soap is all that is needed to get rid of scale insects and mealybugs. It’s best to avoid using an oil-based insecticide because it will clog the plant’s pores and destroy it.
Flowering and Death
Bromeliads are fortunate in that they die in a beautiful fashion. According to the University of Florida IFAS Extension, a bromeliad’s life cycle ends with flowering, but the dying bloom can survive for up to a year. During their final stages of life, they also produce pups, which are offshoots. When the parent plant dies, the pups will continue to grow and produce a large number of new plants, which you can split off and plant on their own when they are about half the size of the parent. To create a huge, multi-colored cluster, you can leave the puppies attached to their parent, although it may be difficult to remove the second generation of pups because of the crowding.
The lifespan of a potted bromeliad varies widely depending on the species and how well it is taken care of. Flowering Guzmania is often considered to endure for up to three years.
Typical Bromeliad Lifespan
A tropical plant, bromeliads can only be found in USDA plant hardiness zones 10 through 12 because they are not cold hardy. Most bromeliads, even with the best care, only live for two to five years at most, although they can keep producing new sprouts after they have finished flowering. Bromeliads prefer indirect, bright light, and those that are grown in bright light will deteriorate more quickly. Aechmea spp., Guzmania spp., and Vriesea spp. are three of the first European bromeliad species that are commonly found in nurseries and were brought back to Europe by explorers.
Bromeliad Lifecycle Stages
It is possible to keep a bromeliad alive indefinitely, although the original plant will eventually die and be replaced by new plants. To reach flowering size, a sprout can take a year or more to mature on or near the crown of the bromeliad, and flowers can last for two to six months. As blossoms begin to fade, pups often arrive, but this is not always the case. A year or more after the flower dies, the main plant begins to decrease as well. Attempts to save the mother plant will be futile since the floral structure prevents new leaf growth.
Care After Flowering
To give the new bromeliad pups enough time to develop large enough to transplant, remove faded blossoms from the middle of the plant. As long as the roots are still present, pups can be removed at any time. However, for best results, allow them to reach a half-size of the original plant before transplanting. It’s important to check that all of the bromeliad’s cup-like structures at the leaf bases contain water. Peat, wood bark and perlite make up an ideal lightweight potting mix for bromeliads since they allow the roots to breathe while retaining enough moisture.
Encouraging New Blooms
Ethylene gas is commonly used in the nursery sector to encourage the flowering of immature bromeliads. Because of this, bromeliads can benefit from the old-fashioned home remedy of placing immature fruits and vegetables in a bag with an apple. The ethylene treatment can be mimicked at home by placing an apple slice inside a pup and covering the pot with a plastic bag for three weeks at a time. Within eight to thirteen weeks, the plant will have another flower spike, and the cycle will repeat again.
How Long Do Bromeliads Last And How To Make Them Last
How long do bromeliads bloom?
You can expect bromeliads to bloom for up to six months at a time. Some types, on the other hand, may barely endure three months. It’s also important to remember that bromeliads only bloom once in their entire lives.
Placing your plant in a stable location might also help extend its flowering period. The bromeliad should be placed in a warm and bright location that does not expose it to extreme temperatures. And like other plants, bromeliads need to be watered regularly but not excessively.
Finally, a few simple bromeliad care methods can help you get the most out of your plants. Remove the dead blooms in order to encourage the plant to bloom even more frequently. The pups can be removed from the plant after it has completed blooming if you want to have fresh plants after the parent plant dies.
How long do bromeliads live?
Many gardeners are intrigued by the five-year lifespan of bromeliads. However, this still relies on the type you choose, the climate in which they are grown, and the procedures they are subjected to during their lives. After flowering, bromeliads can live for up to five years, but you can always replant the seedlings.
How to take care of bromeliads to make them last?
One of the best things about bromeliads is that they do well in containers. Even if they mature, you won’t have to move them because they don’t have a deep root system. Soil that is light yet well-drained and aerated is perfect for bromeliads, as is a location that is both warm but not directly exposed to direct sunshine.
Watering and feeding
When growing any kind of plant, it’s essential to keep the soil moist. However, overwatering can lead to root rot, which is a typical mistake to prevent. Don’t forget to water your bromeliads sparingly because they are tropical plants.
Bromeliads can be safely watered by immersing the container with water and then letting it drain. Also, don’t forget to make the necessary adjustments to your surroundings. If the weather is unusually dry, you should water more frequently.
Do bromeliads need a special diet? During the growing season, you can use diluted fertilizers on bromeliad plants. Other than that, they don’t require a lot of food.
It is unlikely that you will have many issues cultivating bromeliads if you follow good practices and maintain a steady environment. If you’re concerned about mealybugs or scale, you should know that they’re common in your area. Don’t freak out if you see these pests, because you can quickly get rid of them.
To stop the pests from spreading, wash the diseased plants and wipe them down with a dishwashing soap rag. To ensure that the pesticide you apply is safe for the plant, you should constantly check the label.
What Happens When A Bromeliad Dies?
It’s important to remember that bromeliads bloom for a long period of time, but this is the end of their life cycle. This is also a good time to collect the pups that were mentioned earlier in this essay. Known as pups, the offshoots of a bromeliad plant can be broken off and used for rapid growth.
How To Grow Bromeliads From Pups
You can begin harvesting the offshoots once the main plant has died and they are roughly half the size of the original plant. Take a sterilized knife and a container twice as large as the pup’s base and cut them off. Make sure the peat mix you use is moist while reproducing bromeliads from offshoots.
Once the medium dries up, you don’t need to do anything else than water. Insects and harsh weather conditions can be kept at bay by placing the container in a greenhouse. Alternatively, you may begin with pups that have no roots, in which case you should tie them to a branch until they form roots.
Bromeliads are a wonderful choice for a long-blooming and live plant. If you’re curious about how long do bromeliads last, these plants can bloom for six months and live for five years. However, it’s worth mentioning that bromeliads’ lives come to an end when they stop blooming.
Bromeliads are a great option for those looking for a long-lasting and thriving plant. The six-month blooming period and five-year lifespan of bromeliads may pique your interest. Even yet, bromeliads’ life spans come to an end with the end of flowering.