In order to produce lavender in Arizona, there are three measures you need to take into consideration. To ensure that your lavender will thrive in Arizona, you should provide the perfect growth conditions for your particular kind. Keeping a steady supply of high-quality plants will help your business stand out from the competitors.
You should be able to cultivate lavender in Arizona if you follow the three instructions below. While Arizona has growth zones ranging from 4 to 11, some lavender species are only appropriate for certain conditions. If you live in a climate that makes it difficult to cultivate lavender outdoors, consider growing it in a greenhouse.
Growing Lavender In Arizona: 3 Steps To Success
Step #1. Planning
Growing lavender in Arizona begins with careful planning, which is possibly the most important phase of the entire process. First, think about how you’re going to get your lavender plants off to a good start. Is it easier to develop starting plants from seeds or to use seeds?
Lavender plants can take a long time to mature, therefore the second option is preferable. As a result, establishing your garden with a healthy starter plant will result in greater yields. The plant should be checked for any damages or brown areas.
Also, keep in mind that you’re cultivating lavender in the deserts of Arizona. Because of its adaptability to a wide range of environments, the English lavender would do well in Arizona. Alternatively, you can grow in a greenhouse to simulate the perfect conditions for the types you’re cultivating.
Step #2. Preparation
The next step is to prepare the site for planting the plants you’ve chosen. Because it thrives in hot, dry climates, lavender is a natural fit for Arizona. Even yet, if you want healthy flowers, you’ll need to pick the best place to grow them.
In order to grow lavender successfully, choose a location with plenty of direct sunlight and well-draining soil. Plan the distances between them so that they can expand as they age. Creating a hedge of lavender starting plants at 12 inches apart is recommended by some to ensure sufficient air circulation and prevent illness.
Planning a planting arrangement and doing soil tests are essential steps before planting. You want to adjust the soil’s pH level since lavender can’t thrive in acidic soil, and you want to improve the soil structure to let water to flow more easily. Before you plant, combine sand with lime fertilizer.
Step #3. Maintenance
Taking care of your lavender plants is the next step after planting. No matter where you live in Arizona or what species you’re growing, this will ensure healthy and high-quality blooms. Overwatering, for example, is a typical practice that leads to issues.
You should keep in mind that these plants don’t need as much water while they’re just starting off. You want to keep the amount of water you use to a minimum, since too much moisture can be detrimental to the health of your lavender. Lavender thrives in dry circumstances, so it’s ideal to match its natural environment.
Removing the fading and dead flowers will also help your lavender plant produce more blooms and extend its blossoming season. As a result, your plants will be rejuvenated and grow stronger. In addition, you can encourage new growth each year by cutting the ground every spring.
What Lavender Variety Is Best For Arizona?
The usual kinds of lavender in Arizona, according to the Arizona Cooperative Extension, are Spanish, French, and English lavender. Low-growing Spanish lavenders bloom swiftly from spring to summer, providing a burst of color. They’re also notable for their small flower heads, which is a departure from lavender’s usual long flowers.
French lavenders are another option for adding color to your garden. The extended flowering season is what makes them so popular. You can enjoy these lavenders’ high and wide growth habits for a long time with proper deadheading and optimum conditions.
Finally, as previously stated, English lavender is the ideal option for Arizona because it is able to survive a wide range of weather. They can even thrive at the upper elevations of the state since they can handle the cold. Lavender for the aroma is especially appealing to people who grow it.
How To Harvest Lavender?
When harvesting lavender, you must know how to do it correctly, no matter where you’re growing your lavender! To get the best quality, you should begin collecting them as soon as the blossoms begin to open. Drying them for a few weeks is the next step.
The ideal place to keep dried lavender is in an airtight jar in a cool, dry place. As an added bonus, some people even use dried lavender to make sachets.
How to Care for Lavender?
Unless you’re growing lavender inside, you don’t need to water mature lavender plants because they’re tolerant to drought. Young plants require more attention in order to blossom at their best. In the winter, especially, make sure the soil is moist and well-drained. Fungal rots can occur in soil that is too moist. When it comes to growing lavender, rocky or sandy soils are best, while highly fertilized soils should be avoided.
Your lavender plants will thrive if you give them a little TLC. To encourage a second blossoming, deadhead the lavender blossoms as they begin to fade in the summer. Lavender plants with younger stems yield more fragrant and attractive flowers. Start cutting the older, woody stems when your lavender is two years old. Pruning shears should be used to remove one-third of the plant’s woody stems to encourage new growth.
You should keep lavender in pots and bring them indoors in the winter if you live in a chilly or humid area. Keep the plants near a south-facing window if you intend to keep them indoors so that they receive as much light as possible.
When Should You Plant Lavender?
Plan to plant lavender in the spring, but don’t do anything with it until the ground has warmed up enough to work and there is no danger of frost. If the ground is partially frozen, you won’t be able to dig very far. In doubt about whether it’s too cold or not, wait until the final date of frost has gone before going out.
Plant in the fall far enough ahead of time for newly planted lavender to take root. Before a hard freeze, roots need time to grow.
Soil, Sunlight and Water Recommendations for Lavender
Lavender thrives on low-fertility soils, but you can’t cut corners on sunlight. In order for lavender to thrive, it needs at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. Lavender thrives on soils with a pH of 7.0 or above because it favors an alkaline environment.
If you’re looking for an easy-to-maintain plant, look no further than lavender. It prefers dry environments because it is a native of hot, arid areas. Reflecting heat and keeping roots dry are two benefits of using rocks.
During the first few weeks after planting, water the lavender twice a week to let it establish itself. After then, it’s only a matter of watering every few weeks. Increase waterings to twice a week once the plant is in full bloom. Lavender plants can die from overwatering, so be sure to monitor the rainfall. You don’t need to water during a week of heavy rain.
When you bring lavender indoors for the winter, you should water it only once a week. During the winter, when the plant is dormant, it will use less water.
How to Propagate Lavender?
One of the most cost-effective ways to fill a garden is to propagate plants. Propagation using cuttings is an option if you already have a plant or know someone who does.
If you want to grow lavender:
- Branches that have no buds or blossoms can be cut off using a knife. Make sure you grab at least an inch of the woody stem when you cut it.
- Remove the branch’s bottom leaves and discard them.
- Use apple cider vinegar or a rooting hormone that you may buy at the shop to root the fresh cutting.
- Sterile seed-starting or potting mix can be used to plant the dipped clipping.
- The soil should be kept moist at all times by watering it every day.
- As soon as the plant has developed multiple sets of leaves and the weather permits, transplant it outside into the garden. Remember to harden off any plants you begin or multiply inside.
How to Winterize Lavender?
Lavender can withstand the winter in zones 5 to 9. Planting lavender close to southern walls or structures may help it survive the winter in zones 4 and below.
Too much moisture may be the problem if your lavender isn’t making it through the winter. Lavender should not be planted near regions where water collects. Prior to the onset of winter, you can also clip the lavender plant’s bloom stems. If you live in an area where it gets cold, you can grow lavender in pots and move them inside when the weather gets chilly.
How to Harvest Lavender?
Simply cut the flower stalks once at least half of the bloom buds are open if you want to collect lavender for display, cooking or bath-time crafts.
Branches that are just beginning to sprout leaves or buds are best left uncut. This ensures that the blooms on the side leaves will continue to bloom. With larger plants, you can get away with removing a greater portion of the stem.
Cut flower bouquets benefit greatly from the inclusion of lavender flowers, whether they’re dried or fresh. Lavender’s rich aroma can be captured by removing the flower spikes from the plant in the morning.
Common Pests and Other Problems for Lavender
There aren’t a lot of natural pests for lavender. Moisture, in particular, poses the greatest harm to lavender. Overwatering can cause root rot.
If you don’t frequently prune your lavender plants, they can become leggy. Your lavender plants need to be pruned once a year in the spring, when new growth begins. The new growth will be green, so you can tell it’s fresh. It is best to remove up to a third of the top of your lavender plant to protect it from becoming too woody and lanky. In order to preserve an attractive, full appearance, pruning is necessary. In young or compact plants, less pruning is required. Pruning your lavender plants requires the use of sharp, clean gardening shears, such as the classic 8-inch professional premium pruning shears.
Common Diseases for Lavender
The majority of fungal illnesses are caused by excessive water or humidity in the environment. Leaf spot is one of the fungal diseases that might affect lavender plants from time to time. Fungicides can help prevent the spread of diseases caused by fungi, but they do not treat the underlying problem.
Arizona’s dry climate makes it an ideal location to grow lavender. And if you’d like to learn how to cultivate lavender in Arizona, there are three simple steps you can follow. It’s also a good idea to take some classes on lavender growing to round out your education.
Planning and selecting the best beginning plants and kinds for your area is the first step. After that, you may get to work preparing the land and figuring out how you’re going to grow lavender. This involves making sure that the soil and other environmental conditions are ideal for your kinds.
You might also think about growing your lavenders in a greenhouse to replicate their natural environment. Make sure that your plants are well-cared for so that they can thrive in the face of competition. Lavender cultivation is currently doable in Arizona, but the quality of the blooms you produce will be determined by your methods.