Growing ginseng hydroponically can be broken down into three steps: foundation preparation, planting, and ongoing maintenance. Growing your own ginseng in a greenhouse is one of the healthiest things you can do. The use of hydroponic systems to grow plants is no surprise, as they are more environmentally friendly than traditional methods.
Because hydroponics uses less water and pesticides, greenhouses are not only environmentally friendly, but they are also more productive. This method is ideal for growing a highly marketable product like ginseng, which has a high return rate. Even compared to traditional soil growth, hydroponically growing ginseng in a greenhouse saves you time and labor.
Know-How To Grow Ginseng Hydroponically In 3 Steps
Preparation of growing foundation
Ginseng should be grown in an environment as near to nature as possible while using hydroponics systems. Peat moss is an ideal growing medium for ginseng since it mimics the ginseng’s natural habitat, forest floors. Hydroponic systems can make use of peat moss-filled containers.
A mix of peat moss, perlite, and forestry sand can also be used as a ginseng growing medium. In addition, hydroponic ginseng can be grown in a variety of ways, so it’s possible to select a method that works best for you. When growing ginseng, some growers first simulate its natural burial circumstances by freezing sacks of sand and ginseng seeds for four months.
Ginseng seedlings can be planted in peat moss two inches thick, with the sprouting portion facing upward. Hydroponic ginseng may also be cultivated in the wild by gardeners. Roots and seedlings can also be used if you have access to a reputable supplier.
It’s also possible to develop four ginseng seeds for each root trainer in a growth medium. The place where your hydroponic system will be located should receive sunshine similar to what ginseng obtains in the wild. Using a greenhouse mimics the crop’s natural environment by filtering out the sun’s rays and allowing the plant to thrive.
It’s important to remember that ginseng flourishes in shaded, hardwood forests in the eastern United States. Keep the greenhouse temperature between 68 and 72 degrees Fahrenheit while using a low wattage light. Even so, it’s a good idea to pick up some hydroponics knowledge along the way and make it a habit to keep an eye on your plants.
Be sure the system will adequately supply the plant with a solution that is specifically for ginseng-specific nutrient solutions. Add the solution to your water trays and circulate it over the ginseng roots as per the instructions.. When using hydroponics, you can easily water and feed your plants using trays like this one.
Additionally, you can water your plants every other week using a nutrient-rich water solution while watering them only once a month. After 20 weeks, put the seedlings in cold storage for 14 weeks to hasten their growth. Hydroponically produced ginseng usually takes two years to harvest.
If the fresh weight of the ginseng roots reaches at least one ounce, this is a good indicator that they are ready for harvest. When it comes to harvest, patience is a virtue, but the excellent yield you’ll reap is well worth the wait.
Why Is Ginseng Suitable For Hydroponics?
More and more gardeners are considering hydroponic ginseng production as time goes by. Because ginseng can survive indoors, hydroponics is a great option for growing it. Keep in mind that ginseng thrives in chilly, low-light environments, which is why greenhouses are such popular places to cultivate it.
Hydroponic production is a worthwhile venture for ginseng growing for several reasons. To begin with, ginseng is a slow-growing plant with a poor yield that can’t keep up with demand. Hydroponic ginseng production is substantially more expensive than wild ginseng production.
Growing ginseng hydroponically ensures that the quality of your crop will always be excellent, in addition to improving production. Growing ginseng till the roots are two years old can also yield high profits. Because of their hydroponic suitability and high density, these seedlings are an excellent choice for hydroponics.
Grown ginseng seedlings can be sold to other gardeners, providing them with high-quality seedlings. Hydroponic plants will be able to thrive in soilless conditions because you’ve already grown them. Hydroponic ginseng can be more profitable than soil-grown ginseng if you have patience and the right techniques.
Growing Ginseng Hydroponically
Even though hydroponically grown ginseng is a relatively recent phenomenon, a number of farmers throughout the world have devised a variety of approaches. Because ginseng requires four years of growth before the root can be harvested, this is one of the main reasons for doing so.. The organic technology used by Thomas Li’s team will shorten the two-year growing period before ginseng can be harvested.
Buy ginseng seeds from the berries or from a gardening store. It’s best if the seeds are at least three months old and kept at 60 degrees Fahrenheit or above before planting. If you’re using berry seeds, take sure to clean them well before using them.
Sand should be half-filled in the plastic bag or sacks. Each package should include a few ginseng seeds in it.
Even though hydroponically grown ginseng is a relatively recent phenomenon, a number of farmers throughout the world have devised a variety of approaches.
Put the bags in the fridge or freezer at 35 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep them there for a period of four months. These seeds are buried in a layer of stratification that replicates their optimum natural environment, which is to be buried in the soil over the fall and winter months If you want to remember to plant the ginseng seeds, it’s best to keep the bag where you can see them frequently.
Mix 50% peat moss, 30% perlite, and 20% forestry sand into a growth media mix. One inch of small pebbles and 7 to 8 inches of the growing media should be added to root trainers (one for every three or four seedlings).
Each root trainer should be filled with three or four ginseng seeds. A hydroponic irrigation system should be placed in a cool, shaded area with the root trainers. If you’re using artificial light, use modest wattage. Ginseng needs a lot of shade. Maintain a temperature range of 68-72 degrees Fahrenheit.
- Put the bags in the fridge or freezer at 35 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep them there for a period of four months.
- One inch of small pebbles and 7 to 8 inches of the growing media should be added to root trainers (one for every three or four seedlings).
Fertilize (irrigate with fertilizer solution-containing water) on a weekly basis. Li applied Mermaid’s Organic Fish Fertilizer and Acadian Sea Weed Extract at a rate of 0.5 grams per liter. Between fertigation sessions, water the plants to keep them moist.
Every fourth week, use only water for irrigation (instead of fertigation). Any nutrient solution residue on the plants will be washed away.
After 20 weeks of growth, put the seedlings back into cold storage (35 to 40 F). You can speed up their maturation by forcing them into a latent state. Maintain this condition for 14 weeks.
Fertilize (irrigate with fertilizer solution-containing water) on a weekly basis.
Continue normal fertigation and irrigation of the plants for the rest of the season. In the second year of growth, repeat the cold storage technique. Ginseng can be harvested after two years.
Ginseng is a simple crop to grow in a greenhouse because of its low light requirements and low temperature requirements. However, if you want to make money off of this crop, you should learn how to hydroponically cultivate ginseng instead. In a hydroponic system, ginseng may be grown without soil and yet be profitable.
There are three steps to this strategy. They are in charge of laying the groundwork, planting the seeds, and doing routine upkeep. Hydroponic ginseng cultivation is relatively simple, and the most important thing to remember is to simulate the ginseng’s natural environment by using a greenhouse.